Malaysia

Overview

Foreign migrants working in Malaysian factories are highly vulnerable to exploitation. Transparentem has found that migrants from across Asia often pay recruitment fees in both their home countries and Malaysia to secure low-paying jobs. These fees can lead to paralyzing debt burdens for the workers. In addition to recruitment fees, migrant workers in Malaysia face a host of other challenges, including deceptive recruitment, poor living conditions, and excessive overtime.

Transparentem has documented the plight of these migrant workers in two investigations since 2016. We used our findings to urge manufacturers and buyers to remediate exploitative working conditions and provide material relief to the vulnerable populations harmed by them. To date, suppliers have returned 1,600 previously withheld passports; and have distributed or committed nearly $3 million (with some buyers contributing) to reimburse excessive recruitment fees.

Our work in Malaysia also spurred the creation of an industry-wide initiative to improve worker recruitment practices: the American Apparel & Footwear Association (AAFA) and Fair Labor Association (FLA) Apparel & Footwear Industry Commitment to Responsible Recruitment. The initiative requires signatories to incorporate into their social compliance standards language that ensures no worker pays for their job; that workers retain control of identity documents and have freedom of movement; and that workers are accurately told the basic terms of employment before leaving home.

Our Work in Malaysia

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Transparentem’s Malaysia Work in the News

Asia Global
“Sophie Broach, an investigations analyst at the global workers’ rights advocate Transparentem, writes about the...
Forbes
“The report Hidden Harm: Audit Deception in Apparel Supply Chains and the Urgent Case for...
Bloomberg
“In interviews at almost 20 factories and spinning mills in India, Malaysia and Myanmar, Transparentem...
Ecotextile
Audit deception is common in global apparel supply chains according to a new report from...